It is almost impossible for a curious and active child to avoid some scrapes and cuts. Whilst a kiss from mum or dad and some TLC is often all that is needed, parents are being reminded to stock up their first aid kit as most cuts and scrapes can be treated at home.
Dr Mark Dziobon – a local GP and a clinical lead at NHS East Lancashire and NHS Blackburn with Darwen Clinical Commissioning Groups, said:
“Self-care is often best for cuts and scrapes so it’s a good idea to check your first aid kit is topped up with essentials in case your child has an accident. There’s nothing worse than getting out the first aid kit to discover you’ve run out of plasters. These days, it doesn’t cost a lot to get everything you need.
“Your local pharmacy is available to advise you on treatment for minor injuries and over the counter medicines that are safe for your child. To keep your child is as safe as possible make sure they wear appropriate head gear, and if possible, protect their knees and elbows when playing outside.”
A typical first aid kit should include:
- High factor sunscreen (SPF 50 provides the best protection) – you should apply this before school so that your child is protected from the early morning sun.
- Antiseptic – this can be used to clean cuts before they are dressed (bandaged) and most can treat a range of conditions, including insect stings, alcohol-free antiseptic wipes are useful to clean cuts.
- Tweezers – for taking out splinters; if splinters are left in, they can cause discomfort and become infected.
- Plasters – a range of sizes, waterproof if possible.
- Sterile dressings – larger injuries should be covered with a sterile dressing to prevent infection until treatment can be given by a health professional.
- Medical tape – this is used to secure dressings and can also be used to tape an injured finger to an uninjured one, creating a makeshift splint.
- Bandages – these can support injured limbs, such as a sprained wrist, and for applying direct pressure to larger cuts.
- Cooling gel packs – use as a compress if your child has a small bump to the head.
- Eyewash solution – this will help wash out grit or dirt from the eyes.
- Insect bite and nettle rash cream – good for reducing skin irritation if your child is bitten or stung.
- Allergy medicine – your local pharmacy can advise you on the best type of allergy treatment for your child.
- Thermometer – digital thermometers give very accurate readings and are quick and easy to use.
- Coughs, colds, and pain relief remedies – paracetamol or ibuprofen are good for relieving discomfort. However, avoid ibuprofen if your child has asthma, unless advised by your GP.
If you’re worried about your child’s injuries and unsure if they need medical help, call NHS111 or contact them online at 111.nhs.uk. This service offers advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week and can advise you what to do and where to take your child if needed.
For more information about what to do if your child has an accident, please visit: www.nhs.uk/conditions/baby/first-aid-and-safety/first-aid/what-to-do-if-your-child-has-an-accident/